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Mainstreaming Climate Migration into Development Planning and Policy

Consultation report
World Bank Virtual Consultation on Internal Climate Migration in
the Lake Victoria Basin Countries
February 23, 2021

10 mai 2021

The World Bank convened a virtual Consultation on Internal Climate Migration on
February 23, 2021 with a focus on the Lake Victoria Basin countries as part of a study on “Mainstreaming climate migration into development planning and policy”. The focus of the consultation was on the Lake Victoria Basin countries Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. The participants represented different stakeholder groups ranging from civil society, government institutions, and academia to regional and international organizations and donors. The consultation particularly through the breakout groups sessions provided feedback on the modelling results, insights on patterns of mobility, and suggestions for policy response.
Key results of the modelling exercise mostly aligned with participants’ experiences
concerning current patterns and trends, as well as with discussed research in the
region and specific countries. Participants agreed that climate change is increasingly an important driver of migration and displacement in the Lake Victoria Basin countries. Water availability was widely seen as one of the driving factors of mobility in the region along with the ability of land to support livelihood. The group found the scenarios and climate in- and out-migration hotspots identified by the model to be plausible and stressed the importance of preparedness and resilience.
Concerning the required policy response, the need to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions and to harness strengths and partnerships between development,
humanitarian, and security agencies for end-to-end action and in-place adaptation
along with participatory relocation away from high-risk areas resonated. Participants
linked climate change to conflict especially in the livestock sector due to the resulting changes in pastoral routes and subsequent frictions from entry of herders into farmlands. The areas that participants suggested could benefit from additional work include population and poverty dynamics, land degradation, pastoral communities, and the need for localization of the results. Continued contextualization and building linkages to poverty and population dynamics, livelihood practices, and land degradation were highlighted as important.

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